Class Struggle Built the Welfare State

The welfare state wasn’t created by enlightened dialogue or ‘sensible’ moderate politics. It was won by workers from business interest — after decades of struggle.

Illustration by Jorge Margarido

The welfare state, in its different versions, has been celebrated as one of the greatest achievements of the labour movement in Western Europe. And it’s no surprise: the welfare state represented great progress in people’s general living and working conditions. Health, life expectancy, and social security developed enormously in a relatively short period as the […]

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