1 Article by:

Jonah Birch

Jonah Birch is a visiting assistant professor in sociology at Appalachian State University and a contributing editor at Jacobin.

The Rise and Fall of the French Left

France was once the heartland of socialism, but today its left is on the retreat and its far-right emboldened. The roots of this malaise lie in François Mitterrand’s turn from radical reform to neoliberal austerity in the 1980s.